Step 1 Part 2

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Fact sheet: Migration

Migration is the movement of persons away from their place of usual residence, either across an international border or within a State.

Migrant is a person who moves away from his or her place of usual residence, whether within a country or across an international border, temporarily or permanently, and for a variety of reasons.”

(Source: International Organization for Migration (IOM) )

Types of migration

●     Internal vs. external migration: moving within or to a different state, country, or continent  

●     Emigration vs. immigration: leaving from or moving to a region, state, or continent    

●     Return migration: moving back to the region, state, or continent a person left

●     Seasonal migration: moving temporarily to another place (usually in response to working- or climate conditions)

Kinds of migrants

●     Refugees are people who fled their country because of conflict, natural disaster or to seek refuge from political, religious, or other forms of persecution.

●     Internally displaced people (IDPs) are like refugees but seek safety within the borders of their own country. 

●     Economic migration: leaving home for work or an improvement of working conditions.

●     Family reunification: someone moving to a different country to join a family member already living there.